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Default values

For the latest default values of XForms properties, see properties-xforms.xml.

XForms properties documented elsewhere

Encryption and passwords

Encryption password

Before Orbeon Forms 4.0, the oxf.xforms.password property was defined. It has since been renamed oxf.crypto.password. For more information, see General Configuration Properties. oxf.xforms.password is still supported for backward compatibility. However, it is deprecated and we advise not using it as support might be removed in a future Orbeon Forms version.

XForms items encoding

With Orbeon Forms 4.0, XForms item values (like in checkboxes, dropdown menus, etc.) are no longer encrypted, but they are encoded by position. The following property can be used to enable or disable this behavior:
In general, this should be set to true, but you can set it to false if you need to access the value of selection controls through JavaScript on the client and if the item values are not confidential.


XPath function library

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 2016.2]
By default, the XForms engine exposes standard XForms functions and a number of extension functions (see XPath expressions).
The following property allows adding a custom extension XPath function library:
When this property is present, the XForms engine attempts to load an extension function library. It does this in two ways:
  1. 1.
    First, it tries to access a Scala object extending org.orbeon.saxon.functions.FunctionLibrary.
  2. 2.
    If that fails, it tries to access a Java class and calls a static instance() method on it to obtain an org.orbeon.saxon.functions.FunctionLibrary.
Scala example:
object FormRunnerFunctionLibrary extends FunctionLibrary {
// Expose XPath functions here
Java example:
class FormRunnerFunctionLibrary {
private static FunctionLibrary _instance = null;
public static synchronized FunctionLibrary instance() {
if (_instance == null)
_instance = new FormRunnerFunctionLibrary();
return _instance;
// Expose XPath functions here
You can also turn specify this property specifically for a given form by adding an xxf:function-library attribute on the first model:
<xf:model xxf:function-library="org.orbeon.oxf.fr.library.FormRunnerFunctionLibrary">

Exposing XPath data types

The following property controls whether instance types annotations are exposed to XPath 2.0 expressions:
  • If set to false (the default), instance types are not made available to XPath expressions.
  • If set to true, they are made available.
More information: Type annotations.

XPath expression analysis

File location information

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 4.4]
The following property specifies whether the XForms engine should keep file location formation:
If the value is smart, location data is kept.
  • prod mode: none
  • dev mode: smart
Keeping location data is useful during development. However, this consumes more memory, especially for very large forms.
NOTE: Before Orbeon Forms 4.4, location data was always kept.


The following property controls some aspects of XForms submission in Orbeon Forms:
  • If set to true (the default), Orbeon Forms optimizes submissions with replace="all" and the get method by sending URL of the submission action directly to the web browser. This however means that submission errors cannot be caught by XForms event handlers after Orbeon Forms has started connecting to the submission URL, as should be the case following the XForms specification.
  • If set to false, Orbeon Forms buffers the reply so that errors can be handled as per XForms. However, this solution is less efficient.
The following two properties control optimized XForms submissions:
  • If set to true (the default), Orbeon Forms optimizes "local" (i.e. submissions performed to a URL controlled by Orbeon Forms itself) submissions with replace="all", by using the Java Servlet API's forward capability instead of actually performing an HTTP request.
  • If set to false, Orbeon Forms always uses the HTTP or HTTPS protocol (or other protocol specified), which is less efficient but more flexible.
  • If set to true (the default is false), Orbeon Forms optimizes "local" (i.e. submissions performed to a URL controlled by Orbeon Forms itself) submissions with replace="instance", replace="text" or replace="none", by directly using the Java Servlet API's include capability instead of actually performing an HTTP request.
  • If set to false, Orbeon Forms always uses the HTTP or HTTPS protocol (or other protocol specified), which is less efficient but more flexible.

Instance inclusion

The following property controls optimized instance inclusion:
  • If set to true (the default is false), Orbeon Forms optimizes "local" (i.e. submissions performed to a URL controlled by Orbeon Forms itself) instance inclusions, by directly using the Java Servlet API's include capability instead of actually performing an HTTP request.
  • If set to false, Orbeon Forms always uses the HTTP or HTTPS protocol (or other protocol specified), which is less efficient but more flexible.
Note that for any optimized submission or inclusion to occur, the following is required:
  • URL must be an absolute path, e.g. /foo/bar. Using an explicit protocol (http://foo.com/bar) disables optimized submissions.
  • No elements must be passed.
  • The submission must be synchronous.

JavaScript and CSS Resources

The following properties are documented in JavaScript and CSS assets:
  • oxf.xforms.minimal-resources
  • oxf.xforms.combine-resources
  • oxf.xforms.resources.baseline
  • oxf.xforms.assets.baseline
  • oxf.xforms.assets.baseline.excludes

Noscript mode

[DEPRECATED SINCE Orbeon Forms 2016.3]
[UNTIL Orbeon Forms 2017.2]
The following property controls whether noscript mode is enabled:
The following property controls whether noscript mode is supported:
The noscript mode is enabled only if both properties are true.
NOTE: The reason there are two properties is that in the future, the XForms engine might be able to determine by itself whether noscript mode is enabled based on what controls and XBL components are in use.


XForms 1.1-compatible of switch/case

XForms 1.1 specifies that a non-visible case behaves as non-relevant.
A property allows enabling XForms 1.1-compatible behavior. (Orbeon Forms did not support this previously and considered that non-visible cases were hidden but still relevant.)
You can also set this property on a per-switch basis:
<xf:switch xxf:xforms11-switch="true">
This property also applies in a similar way to hidden dialogs.
NOTE: In the future, it is expected that:
  • This will be enabled by default to be XForms 1.1-compliant out of the box.
  • Setting the property to false will revert to the pre-March 2010 behavior, as there are cases where keeping hidden cases relevant makes sense.

XForms repeat updates upon xf:insert and xf:delete

With Orbeon Forms 2019.1 and newer

The xf:insert and xf:delete actions do not attempt to update repeats immediately after completion. Repeats, like any other UI controls, update during the following UI refresh.
There is no configuration to change this behavior.

With Orbeon Forms 2018.1 and 2018.2

The xf:insert and xf:delete actions do not attempt to update repeats immediately after completion. Repeats, like any other UI controls, update during the following UI refresh.
Temporarily, the following property can be used to restore the Orbeon Forms 2017.2 behavior:
However, please note that the behavior is deprecated and support for the Orbeon Forms 2017.2 behavior is expected to be removed altogether in a subsequent Orbeon Forms release.
See also #3503.

Until Orbeon Forms 2017.2

xf:insert and xf:delete actions attempted to update repeats immediately after completion, independently from regular UI refreshes.

Label, help, hint, alert (LHHA) elements

By default, LHHA elements are represented as follows:
  • <xf:label> use the HTML <label> element
  • <xf:hint> use the HTML <span> element
  • <xf:help> use the HTML <span> element
  • <xf:alert>
    • [SINCE Orbeon Forms 2022.1] Use the HTML <button> element; this is done so users can tab to the help icon, making it accessible to the keyboard to users who predominantly use a keyboard, either by choice or because they have difficulties using a pointing device.
    • [UP TO Orbeon Forms 2021.1] Use the HTML <span> element, and in Orbeon Forms 2021.1.2 and subsequent point releases, you can manually change the value of this property to button to make the help icon accessible with the keyboard.
You can configure the following properties in your properties-local.xml to change the default configuration.
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.label-element" value="label"/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.hint-element" value="span"/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.help-element" value="button"/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.alert-element" value="span"/>
If an element is configured to be a label, a for attribute pointing to the control is set by the XForms engine.

Order of control and LHHA elements

NOTE: For Form Runner, see the oxf.fr.detail.lhha-order property instead.
The following property controls the order of label, help, hint, alert, and control elements output by the XForms engine:
value="label control help alert hint"/>
The property uses the order of the predefined tokens label, control, help, alert, and hint to set the order.
The order applies to most controls, such as <xf:input>, etc. Some specific control or appearances do not use this property:
  • <xxf:dialog>
  • <xf:group appearance="xxf:fieldset">
Individual controls also support this property locally:
<xf:input xxf:order="label help control hint alert">

Two months view

By default, YUI date picker shows as follows:
Default date picker
You can set the oxf.xforms.datepicker.two-months property to true, and the date picker will show two months at a time:
Date picker with two months displayed at a time
By default, the property is set to false, (only one month is shown). You can override by adding the following to your properties-local.xml:
With the oxf.xforms.datepicker.navigator property set to true (the default), when you click on the month headers, a small dialog allows you to type a year and select a month from a drop-down. This is particularly convenient if the date you want to capture has a chance to be further in the future or in the past (such as a birth date).
Month and year selection in YUI date picker with navigator and two months properties enabled
You disable the navigator by setting the following property to false (it is true by default):


Maximum upload size

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 2017.1]
The following property sets the maximum size in bytes of an uploaded file. For example, if you set it to 1000000 (1 MB), and the user attempts to upload a larger file, an error is reported.
If oxf.xforms.upload.max-size is blank or missing (the default), then the value of the following backward compatibility property is used:
The value of oxf.xforms.upload.max-size can be overridden for a specific control using the xxf:upload-max-size() validation function.

Maximum aggregate upload size

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 2017.1]
The following property sets the maximum aggregate size in bytes of all uploaded files for a given instance of form data. For example, if you set it to 1000000 (1 MB), and the form has two upload controls, and you upload a 600 KB upload using the first control, then only 400 KB can be uploaded using the second control, even if a larger maximum size per control was set using the oxf.xforms.upload.max-size property or the xxf:upload-max-size() validation function. If you attempt to upload a larger file, an error is reported.
In order for oxf.xforms.upload.max-size-aggregate to work, the XForms processor must have a way to compute the total size of uploaded files. Because this can be different per form, you must provide an XPath expression to use to perform this sum. For example, Form Runner uses:
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.upload.max-size-aggregate-expression">
@filename and @mediatype and @size
. castable as xs:integer
If oxf.xforms.upload.max-size-aggregate is specified and not blank, then oxf.xforms.upload.max-size-aggregate-expression must also be specified or an error is raised.

Allowed file types

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 2017.1]
The following property specifies which file types (also known as "mediatypes") are allowed for uploaded files. For example, the following values of image/png image/jpeg specify that JPEG images and PDF files are allowed but no other files.
value="image/jpeg application/pdf"/>
The format is as follows:
  • the value is a list of space- or comma-separated mediatype ranges
  • a mediatype range is one of:
    • */*: all mediatypes allowed
    • type/*: all mediatypes with prefix type are allowed (for example image/*)
    • type/subtype: specific mediatype such as image/jpeg, application/atom+xml, video/mp4, etc.
If oxf.xforms.upload.mediatypes is blank or missing, all mediatypes are allowed.
The value of oxf.xforms.upload.mediatypes can be overridden for a specific control using the xxf:upload-mediatypes() validation function.

Upload progress

When you use an <xf:upload> control, as soon users select a file, the file is uploaded in the background from the browser to Orbeon Forms. While the file is uploaded, a progress bar is show in the browser, in place of the file selection control, as in this screenshot:
Upload Progress
To know how much of the file has been uploaded so far, the browser sends an Ajax request to the server, at a regular interval, asking the server what percentage of the file it has received. By default, the browser sends a request every 2 seconds. You can change this by overriding the following property. You set the value of this property as a compromise: low enough so the progress bar updates at a regular interval giving users a more accurate indication of how far along they are in the upload, and high enough to limit the number a queries made to Orbeon Forms, and thus limit the load on the server.

XForms inspector

You can enable the XForms Inspector for all the page in your site by setting the following property to true (the default is false):

Appearance of radio buttons and checkboxes in review and PDF modes

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 4.6]
Since Orbeon Forms 4.5, radio buttons and checkboxes in review and PDF modes (or for any static-readonly control appearance) shows all items as checkboxes (see the blog post).
If you don't like this behavior, you can set the following two properties:
<!-- For checkboxes -->
<!-- For radio buttons -->
These cause the radio buttons and checkboxes to display only the values selected, as text, like for dropdown menus and other section controls.


For xf:output

When an <xf:output> is bound to a node and that node has a type, the type influences the formatting of the value. For instance, if the node has a type xs:date, instead of being shown as "2009-03-11", the value might be shown as "Wednesday March 11, 2009".
NOTE: This also applies to <xf:input> in readonly modes.
Out of the box, Orbeon Forms formats differently values of different types. You can change how values are formatted by setting the properties below. The value of each property is an XPath expression executed on the node bound to the <xf:output>. The XPath expression is expected to return a string containing the value which will be shown to the user.
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.date" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.time" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.dateTime" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.decimal" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.integer" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.float" value="..."/>
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.double" value="..."/>
Here are some examples of outputs with the default properties:
  • 2004-01-07
    • xs:date
    • Wednesday January 7, 2004
  • 2004-01-07T04:38:35.123
    • xs:dateTime
    • Wednesday January 7, 2004 04:38:35 UTC
  • 04:38:35.123
    • xs:time
    • 4:38:35 pm
  • 123456.789
    • xs:decimal
    • 123,456.79
  • 123456.789
    • xs:integer
    • 123,456
  • 123456.789
    • xs:float or xs:double
    • 123,456.789
The default formatting properties for date, time, and dateTime now use the current language by the xxf:lang() function, for example:
<property as="xs:string" name="oxf.xforms.format.output.date">
if (. castable as xs:date) then
format-date(xs:date(.), '[FNn] [MNn] [D], [Y]', xxf:lang(), (), ())
This means that the language that is used for the formatting is the language in effect where the control is in used, via the xml:lang attribute.

For xf:input

NOTE: With Orbeon Forms 2022.1, there is no longer support for binding <xf:input> to xs:date, xs:time, and xs:dateTime types. Instead, you should use the <fr:date>, <fr:time>, and <fr:datetime> controls.
When an <xf:input> is bound to a node and that node has a type, the type influences the formatting of the value. For instance, if the node has a type xs:date, instead of being shown as "2009-03-11", the value might be shown as "Wednesday March 11, 2009".
Like for <xf:output>, values shown by <xf:input> depend on the type of the node bound to the <xf:input>. In this case however the <xf:input> must be able to not only show a value coming from an instance in a text field, but also parse a new value in that format typed in by users in the text field. Because the <xf:input> is able to both format and parse values, what you can do with an <xf:input> is more restrictive compared to what you can do with an <xf:output>.
You can configure formatting for <xf:input> with the two properties below. The value is a "mask" and follows the syntax of the Java SimpleDateFormat.
The following masks are supported:
For dates (property oxf.xforms.format.input.date):
also called "North American format"
also called "European format"
variation with dot separator
variation with dash separator
force two digits for months an days
For times, see Time component.
An <xf:input> bound to a node of type xs:dateTime is shown as two text fields: one for the date and one for the time. In that case, the date text field uses the formatting defined by oxf.xforms.format.input.date and the time text field uses the formatting defined by oxf.xforms.format.input.time.
The format is set as follows by default, which covers, in particular, US date and time formats:
To change to a European style days-first format for the date and a 24-hour time, you can set the following:

Error handling

Automatic inclusion of XBL bindings

If you write your own XBL components, you need to include the XBL in every page that uses them. To avoid this, you can define a mapping between the namespace in which your XBL components are, and a directory containing the XBL file. Then, following some naming conventions (more on this below), your XBL will be automatically found by Orbeon Forms, without you having to explicitly include it in every page that uses it.
Properties starting with oxf.xforms.xbl.mapping specify a mapping between directory name an a URI:
Consider an example, with the property above set:
  1. 1.
    Say element <acme:button> is found by the XForms engine, in your own http://www.acme.com/xbl namespace
  2. 2.
    Orbeon Forms looks for a property with a name that starts with oxf.xforms.xbl.mapping and with a value is equal to the namespace in question (here http://www.acme.com/xbl). In this case it finds the property oxf.xforms.xbl.mapping.acme.
  3. 3.
    Orbeon Forms extracts the part of the property name after oxf.xforms.xbl.mapping. In this case it is: acme.
  4. 4.
    This is used to resolve a resource called oxf:/xbl/acme/button/button.xbl.
    • The first part of the path is always xbl.
    • This is followed by the directory name found in step 3, here: acme.
    • This is followed by a directory with the same name as the local name of your component, containing an XBL file also with the same name as your component, here: button/button.xbl.
  5. 5.
    The resource, if found, is automatically included in the page for XBL processing
By default, all the <fr:*> elements are handled this way, and a mapping is already defined for those components.

Ajax requests

Retry mechanism for Ajax requests

Orbeon Forms relies on client-side code (running on the browser) communicating with server-side code (running on your application server). As needed, the client sends a request to the server. In case of communication failure or if the client does not receive an answer from the server after a given timeout, then the client resends the request. The default value of the timeout for Ajax requests is 30 seconds. You can change this value by setting the following property. A value of -1 disables the retry mechanism.
The first time the client retries to send a request, it does so right away. However, the second time it waits for 5 seconds, the third time for 10 seconds, the fourth time for 15 seconds, and so on, until it reaches a maximum delay between retries of 30 seconds. You can configure the "delay increment" (by default 5 seconds) and the "maximum delay" (by default 30 seconds) with the following properties:
Orbeon Forms handles the case where a request was successfully received and executed by the server, but the response didn't make it to the client. In those cases, the client resends the request to the server. The server detects that this particular request has been already executed, so it doesn't execute it again, and instead resends the same response that was generated the first time around.

Login page detection

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 4.5]
You can set the following property to a regexp. When set to a non-empty value, if an Ajax request get an unexpected page which isn't an Orbeon Forms error and matches the regexp, users will be notified, and Orbeon Forms will reload the form, which in turn is likely to take them to the login page. By default, this property is set to the empty string, meaning that Orbeon Forms doesn't try to detect login pages, and always retries Ajax requests met with an unexpected response that aren't Orbeon Forms error pages. For some background on this, see our blog post Detecting login pages in Ajax requests.

Preprocessing step

The XForms engine supports a preprocessing step. By default, this step is disabled. You can enable it with the following properties:
<property as="xs:anyURI"
The second property must point to an XPL file with a data input and data output. The pipeline can transform the incoming XForms.

ARIA support in dialogs

If your forms leverage dialogs and your users are likely to use a screen reader, you might want to enable the support for ARIA in dialogs by setting the following property to true. By default, the property is set to false, as enabling it has a cost in performance on IE.

Cache control

The following properties, usually set as attributes, control server-side caching:
  • xxf:no-updates
    • controls whether the dynamic state is cached
    • default: false
    • used to disable updating the cache for non-interactive XForms processing, such as when producing PDF output
  • xxf:disable-static-state-cache
    • [SINCE Orbeon Forms 2023.1]
    • controls whether the static state is cached
    • default: false
    • used to disable updating the static state cache for one-time XForms processing, such as when testing a form

See also