Model functions


    $bind-id as xs:string
) as node()*

Or, with its XForms 2.0 definition:

    $bind-id as xs:string
) as node()*

The bind() function returns the node-set of a given bind:

<!-- The following... -->
<xf:input bind="my-bind">
<!-- equivalent to this: -->
<xf:input ref="bind('my-bind')">

xxf:bind() is particularly useful when referring to a bind is subject to a condition:

        for $bind in bind('my-hint') return
            if (normalize-space($bind) = '') then


    $item as item()*,
    $mip-name as xs:string
) as xs:string

Return the value of the custom MIP of the first item specified, if any.

The name of the property must match the qualified name used on the xf:bind that sets the property.


    $bind-id        as xs:string,
    $property-qname as xs:string
) as xs:anyAtomicType?

The xxf:evaluate-bind-property() function evaluates a property of a given bind. Depending on the property, it returns:

  • xs:string

    • calculate

    • xxf:default

    • custom MIPs

  • xs:boolean

    • relevant

    • readonly

    • required

    • constraint

  • xs:QName

If the property is not present on the bind, an empty sequence is returned.

    xxf:default="count(preceding-sibling::foo) + 42"
    relevant="count(preceding-sibling::foo) mod 2 = 0"
<xf:output value="xxf:evaluate-bind-property('my-bind', 'xxf:default')"/>
<xf:output value="xxf:evaluate-bind-property('my-bind', 'relevant')"/>
<xf:output value="xxf:evaluate-bind-property('my-bind', 'type')"/>

NOTE: The property is instantly evaluated, which means that it might be different from the value evaluated during the previous model recalculation or revalidation.


    $instance-id as xs:string
) as element()?

The xxf:instance() function works like the standard instance() function except that it searches for instances:

  • independently from the current in-scope model specified by the model attribute

  • across ancestor XBL scopes

The search works as follows:

  • first, in a given XBL scope, the function searches all models within that scope

  • second, it recursively searches ancestor XBL scopes

For example, if there are no XBL components, and 2 top-level models:

<xf:model id="main-model">
  <xf:instance id="main-instance">
<xf:model id="resources-model">
  <xf:instance id="resources-instance">
<xf:group model="main-model">
  <xf:output value="xxf:instance('resources-instance')/title"/>

[SINCE Orbeon Forms 4.5] The xxf:instance() function can also take an absolute id as parameter.


    $node as node()?
) as xs:string*

The xxf:invalid-binds() function returns a sequence of strings. If the node was made invalid because of an <xf:bind> element, then the id of that bind element is present in the list.

This function is useful to help determine the reason why a node is invalid:

<xf:bind ref="age" constraint=". ge 21" id="age-limit"/>
<xf:action if="xxf:invalid-binds(event('xxf:binding')) = 'age-limit'">

You can also use this function to show bind-specific errors:

<xf:alert value="if (xxf:invalid-binds(.)="age-limit" )="" then="" ...="" else="" ..."="">

Note however that the function actually only returns the first invalid bind at the moment, not all of them. So this works for scenarios where error messages go from general to specific.


    $node as node()?
) as xs:QName?

The xxf:type() function returns the type of the instance data node passed as parameter. If an empty sequence is passed, the function returns an empty sequence. Otherwise, the type of the instance data node is searched. If no type information is available, the function returns an empty sequence. Otherwise, a QName associated with the type is returned.

        for $t in xxf:type(date) return


xxf:valid() as xs:boolean
xxf:valid($item as xs:item*) as xs:boolean
xxf:valid($item as xs:item*, $recurse as xs:boolean) as xs:boolean
xxf:valid($item as xs:item*, $recurse as xs:boolean, $relevant) as xs:boolean

The xxf:valid() function returns the validity of an instance data node or of a subtree of instance data specified by the first argument.

If the first argument is specified, its first item is obtained, if any.

If the first argument is not specified, the context item is used, if any

If the second argument is specified and true(), the function recurses into attributes and descendant nodes.

If no item is available, or if the item is an atomic value, the function returns true().

If the optional third argument is specified and set to true(), non-relevant nodes are ignored, as in the case of xf:submission.

Because of the way the XForms processing model is defined, the evaluation of calculate, required, readonly and relevant takes place during the processing of the xforms-recalculate event, which generally takes place before the processing of validation with the xforms-revalidate event. This means that by default using xxf:valid() to control, for example, whether a button is read-only or relevant will not work.